Resources & Websites



  • American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  • Boss, Pauline. (2006). A Review of Loss, Trauma, and Resilience: Therapeutic Work with Ambiguous Loss. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association;
  • Cohen, J. A., & Mannarino, A. P. (2004). Treating childhood traumatic grief. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 820-233.
  • Egger, H. L. & Emde, R. N (2011) Developmentally Sensitive Diagnostic Criteria for Mental Health Disorders in Early Childhood. American Psychologist; Vol. 66, No. 2, 95–106
  • Freundlick, M., Avery, R. J, Munson, S. - aff1 & Gerstenzang, S.(2006). The meaning of permanency in child welfare: Multiple stakeholder perspectives. Children and Youth Services Review, 28 (7), 741-760
  • Hill, R. B. (2006). Synthesis of research on disproportionality in child welfare: An update. Washington, DC: Casey-CSSP Alliance for Racial Equity in the Child Welfare System.
  • Lee, Robert E., Whiting, Jason B. (2007). Foster Children's Expressions of Ambiguous Loss. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 35 (5), 417-428.
  • National Registry for Evidence based Programs and Practices (SAMHSA) – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration -
  • National Wraparound Initiative. (2008). Resource guide to Wraparound. Retrieved on November 29, 2008 from
  • Nelson, F & Mann, T. (2011). Opportunities in Public Policy to Support Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health. American Psychologist; Vol. 66, No. 2, 129-139.
  • Osofsky, J. D. & Liberman, A. F.  (2011). A Call for Integrating a Mental Health Perspective Into Systems of Care for Abused and Neglected Infants and Young Children. American Psychologist; Vol. 66, No. 2, 120-128.
  • Perry, MD PhD, Bruce – Developmental Trauma -
  • Perry, MD PhD, Bruce - Effects of Traumatic Events on Children – Child Trauma Academy (2003) –
  • Tronick, E & Beeghly, M  (2011). Infants’ Meaning-Making and the Development of Mental Health Problems. American Psychologist; Vol. 66, No. 2, 107-119.
  • Cassidy J (1999). "The Nature of a Child's Ties". In Cassidy J, Shaver PR. Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research and Clinical Applications. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 3–20. ISBN 1572300876.
  • Bretherton I (1992). The Origins of Attachment Theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth.
  • Waters E, Kondo-Ikemura K, Posada G, Richters J (1991). "Learning to love: Mechanisms and milestones". In Gunnar M, Sroufe T. Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology. 23. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Bretherton I (1992). "The Origins of Attachment Theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth
  • Pearce JW, Pezzot-Pearce TD (2007). Psychotherapy of abused and neglected children (2nd ed.). New York and London: Guilford press. pp. 17–20. ISBN 978-1-59385-213-9.  
  • Ainsworth MD (December 1969). "Object relations, dependency, and attachment: a theoretical review of the infant-mother relationship". Child Development (Blackwell Publishing) 40 (4): 969–1025
  • Bowlby J (1973). Separation: Anger and Anxiety. Attachment and loss. Vol. 2. London: Hogarth. ISBN 0-7126-6621-4
  • Bowlby J (1958). "The nature of the child's tie to his mother". International Journal of Psychoanalysis 39

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