Workforce Study

CalSWEC surveys the state’s public child welfare workforce every three to five years in collaboration with the County Welfare Directors Association (CWDA) of California and the California Department of Social Services (CDSS) to determine the extent to which the state is meeting its requirements for master's-level social workers among child welfare social work staff.

An initial baseline study was conducted in 1992 prior to the Title IV-E Child Welfare Training Program’s inception. The study was repeated in 1995, 1998, 2004, 2008, and 2011. It consists of two sources: 

  1. Administrative data from the counties about the population of public child welfare workers and
  2. Information from individual workers about their educational levels, interest in further education, and service assignments among other things. 

CalSWEC's Evaluation and Research staff provide the results of the surveys in the form of reports, data briefs, and regional workforce studies.

Data  Briefs  
Regional Workforce Studies


The study reports describe the individual-level child welfare workforce and agency-level arrangements for child welfare service delivery in California.

From the initial baseline estimates in 1992, the proportion of MSWs among California child welfare social work staff has grown from 21% to nearly double that proportion in 2011.

Data  Briefs

The data briefs listed below present the results of the California Public Child Welfare Workforce Studies, organized by specific topics. 

Regional Workforce Studies

CalSWEC has completed a series of California regional reports, listed below, based on the 2011–2012 Public Child Welfare Workforce Study. 

Five of these reports provide data on child welfare workforce demographics within California’s five training regions, defined by Regional Training Academy (RTA) boundaries as the following (view or download the RTA map): Northern, Bay Area, Central, Los Angeles, and Southern. The sixth report was compiled for the Southern Area Consortium for Human Services.

  1. Northern Region Workforce Study 2011-12
  2. Bay Area Region Workforce Study 2011-12
  3. Central Region Workforce Study 2011-12
  4. Los Angeles Region Workforce Study 2011-12
  5. Southern Region Workforce Study 2011-12
  6. Southern Area Consortium of Human Services Workforce Report 2011-2012